Algorithmic Aspects of Quasi-Total Roman Domination in Graphs

Document Type : Original paper


1 National Institute of Technology Warangal

2 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, National Institute of Technology Warangal, India.


For a simple, undirected, connected graph $G$($V,E$), a function $f : V(G) \rightarrow \lbrace 0, 1, 2 \rbrace$ which satisfies the following conditions is called a quasi-total Roman dominating function (QTRDF) of $G$ with weight $f(V(G))=\sum_{v \in V(G)} f(v)$.
    C1). Every vertex $u \in V(G)$ for which $f(u) = 0$ must be adjacent to at least one vertex $v$ with $f(v) = 2$, and 
    C2). Every vertex $u \in V(G)$ for which $f(u) = 2$ must be adjacent to at least one vertex $v$ with $f(v) \geq 1$. 
    For a graph $G$, the smallest possible weight of a QTRDF of $G$ denoted $\gamma_{qtR}(G)$ is known as the \textit{quasi-total Roman domination number} of $G$.
    The problem of determining  $\gamma_{qtR}(G)$ of a graph $G$ is called minimum quasi-total Roman domination problem (MQTRDP).
    In this paper, we show that the problem of determining whether $G$ has a QTRDF of weight at most $l$ is NP-complete for split graphs, star convex bipartite graphs, comb convex bipartite graphs  and planar graphs.
    On the positive side, we show that MQTRDP  for threshold graphs, chain graphs and bounded treewidth graphs is linear time solvable. Finally, an integer linear programming  formulation for MQTRDP is presented.


Main Subjects

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