Roman domination number of signed graphs

Document Type : Original paper


1 CHRIST(Deemed to be University), Bangalore

2 CHRIST(Deemed to be University) Hosur Road Bangalore-560029


A function $f:V\rightarrow \{0,1,2\}$ on a signed graph $S=(G,\sigma)$  where $G = (V,E)$ is a Roman dominating function(RDF) if $f(N[v]) = f(v) + \sum_{u \in N(v)} \sigma(uv)f(u) \geq 1$ for all $v\in V$ and for each vertex $v$ with $f(v)=0$ there is a vertex $u$ in $N^+(v)$ such that $f(u) = 2$. The weight of an RDF $f$ is given by $\omega(f) =\sum_{v\in V}f(v)$ and the minimum weight among all the RDFs on $S$ is called the Roman domination number $\gamma_R(S)$. Any RDF on $S$ with the minimum weight is known as a $\gamma_R(S)$-function. In this article we obtain certain bounds for $ \gamma_{R} $ and characterise the signed graphs attaining small values for $ \gamma_R. $


Main Subjects

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